Except for necessary professional and administrative personnel, Boy Scouting from top to bottom is conducted by adult volunteers. They receive no compensation or material reward of any kind.
National Council BSA
Boy Scouting is actually owned by the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. It was incorporated on February 8, 1910, and chartered by Congress in 1916.
The National Council is led by a volunteer board of directors, the National Executive Board. The administration is performed by a staff of professional Scouters.
For administrative purposes, the Boy Scouts of America is divided into four regions?Western, Central, Southern, and Northeast. We are apart of the Western Region.
Western Region covers all of Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, and parts of Montana, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Texas, as well as the countries of Japan, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand.
Each region has a volunteer president, assisted by volunteer officers and board members, and the day-to-day work of Scouting is managed by the regional director, assistant and associate regional directors, and area directors. Regions and areas are subdivisions of the National Council and do not have a corporate status separate from the BSA.
The various regions are then geographically subdivided into areas governed by an Area Committee. Each area committee includes its executive committee (composed of the president, area vice-president(s) and various committee chairmen of standing committees), the regional council president and National Council members residing in the area. They, too, are all volunteers.AREA III
Local Council: San Francisco Bay Area 028
The National Council does not attempt to administer directly the more than 150,000 registered Boy Scout units (troops, packs, venturing crews, etc.). To achieve this, each year, the National Council issues a charter to an autonomous organization called a local council. The United States and its territories is divided into local councils. Local councils are usually not-for-profit private corporations registered within the State in which they are headquartered.
The local council's responsibilities include:
- Promoting the Scouting program
- Registration of units and council personnel
- Providing facilities and leadership for a year-round outdoor program, including summer camp.
- To insure that each Local Unit (i.e. a Boy Scout Troop or Cub Pack) within its territorial area carries out the general principles of advancement in Scouting
- To insure the integrity of the merit badge requirements for advancement in scouting
- To make Scout training available to the Local Units and community groups using the Scouting program
- To provide adequate leadership and leadership training for the Local Units
- To insure that standards in Scout policies, badges-and insignia are protected
- To insure that adequate financing exists for the support of the Local Units.
The San Francisco Bay Area Council (SFBAC), formed by a merger of the San Francisco Area and Oakland Area Councils in February 1964. Located in the San Francisco Bay Area, serving the cities of Colma, Daly City (northern section), San Francisco, Emeryville, Oakland, San Leandro, Hayward, Fremont, Union City, Newark, Pleasanton, Dublin, and Livermore, as well as unincorporated communities such as Castro Valley, San Lorenzo, and Sunol.
Headquartered in San Leandro (1001 Davis Street), the council surrounds both the Piedmont and Alameda Councils. SFBAC is one of the six councils that serves the San Francisco Bay area.
A Scouting district is an optional geographical area within the local council, as determined by the council executive board. District leaders mobilize resources to ensure the growth and success of Scouting units within the district's territory.
Members of the district committee are volunteers. The district trains adult volunteers, provides district programs for units such as camporees, and Scouting shows, assists in the formation of new units, and helps coordinate the annual giving campaign.
The district committee also provides the unit with a unit commissioner. The unit commissioner gives direct coaching and consultation to the unit committee and other adult leaders.
The volunteers on the district committee can be a helpful resource to the unit committee. Call upon their guidance when needed.
The Scouting professional who provides district service is the district executive. He can be very helpful in showing the unit committee how to accomplish the unit's program goals.
The San Francisco Bay Area Council (SFBAC) serves San Francisco and Alameda Counties and includes five districts:
The unit is owned and run by a sponsoring group called a chartered organization. The chartered organization receives a national charter yearly to use the Scouting program as a part of its youth work. The local council helps the chartered organization understand the program, however it is the chartered organization's program and is part of the chartered organizations youth work. These groups, which have goals compatible with those of the Boy Scouts of America, include religious, educational, community groups, fraternal, business, labor, and professional associations.
The chartered organization representative is the liaison with the unit's sponsor. As a member of the chartered organization, that person will know the most effective ways to get the organization's assistance and maintain a mutually satisfactory working relationship with the chartered organization.
The chartered organization representative:
- Is a member of the charter organization
- Serves as head of the "Scouting department" in the organization
- Secures a unit committee chairman and encourages training
- Maintains a close liaison with the unit committee chairman
- Helps recruit other adult leaders
- Serves as liaison between the unit and the chartered organization
- Assists with unit rechartering
- Encourages service to the organization
- Is an active and involved member of the district committee and the local council
Each local unit must be under the supervision of a unit committee consisting of three or more qualified adults (at least 21 years old) selected by the chartered organization. For each Pack, Troop, Varsity Scout team or Venturing Crew there must be one adult who registers and serves as the unit leader. That person must be approved by and registered with the Local Council.
The unit committee's primary responsibilities are supporting the Unit Leader (Scoutmaster, Cubmaster, etc.) in delivering a quality unit program, and helping unit administration. As the unit committee works on behalf of the chartered organization, the unit must be operated within the organization's policies.
In the chartered organization relationship, the Boy Scouts of America provides the program and support services, and the chartered organization provides the adult leadership and uses the program to accomplish its goals for youth. A review of the Chartered Organization Fast Start video and the viewer's guide will prove helpful in understanding this relationship.
Packs, Troops, Crews, Teams, Posts, Ships